Monday, May 25, 2020

Origins of the Second World War in Europe - 1637 Words

To uncover the origins of the Second World War is a difficult task and to summarize it, even more so, but this is exactly what historian P.M.H. Bell does in his astounding book The Origins of the Second World War in Europe. Although Bell does a great job of providing accounts on both sides of the debate on the origins of the Second World War, he does have his own mindset about it. In his eyes, Bell sees the Second World War as being a thirty year war, driven by the ideology and economics of Germany, which was not preplanned by blueprint. He outlines this very clearly in the conclusion of his book, basing it on knowledge that he interlaid throughout. Bell begins this read by illustrating the theory of the thirty years war. This,†¦show more content†¦While Hitler wasn t interested in conquering the mighty USSR from the start, he did for see an eventual war with her for her abundant resources16. Thus, the clash that the two countries had in 1941 was long coming, but not a surprise. Living space then, was a necessary objective in Hitler s eyes, but in order to achieve this space he needed to develop Germany s army first. So he did. Between 1933 and 1939 the Treaty of Versailles was secretly avoided to massively increase the size of the German army, from 100,000 to 300,00017. The Luftwaffe, German air force, also rapidly increased and by 1940 it was the strongest among all the European powers. The German war machine was impressive, in just six years it went from being the weakest army to one of the strongest18. However, this created a vicious circle in terms of foreign policy for Germany: Hitler wanted living space, so he built up the army. However, in order to pay for this rapid rearmament, he had to conquer territories. Thus, Hitler made war profitable and a key part of the foreign policy of Germany19. To sum up, Hitler s Germany lived on a balanced diet of economics and ideology. On the one hand, Hitler s ideology called for living space for his great Aryan race. However, on the other hand, economics were the backbone of building an army large enough to acquire it. This resulted in Hitler conquering many new lands for his cause. First there wasShow MoreRelatedThe Cold War as the Result of Fear of Soviet Expansion Essay example1472 Words   |  6 PagesThe Cold War as the Result of Fear of Soviet Expansion At the end of the Second World War only two out of the all the great powers were left standing. Germany and Japan had been crushed in the war and Britain and France were weakened economically and politically. The United States, who had not seen much fighting on her shores, emerged from the war economically and politically intact as a great nuclear power and Russia, although weakened economically, had the largestRead MoreDecisions For War By Richard Hamilton And Holger Herwig1190 Words   |  5 PagesDecisions for War, 1914-1917 by Richard Hamilton and Holger Herwig investigates the origins of the First World War detailing individual country’s reasons for entering the war. Historians at War by Anthony Adamthwaite explores how scholars have understood the origins of the Second World War throughout varying times and differing national view points. Both works share a common theme of determinism; a retrospective notion placed on historical events by historians that Europe was inescapably predestinedRead MoreEssay on Examining the Possible Causes of the Cold War1309 Words   |  6 Pagesof the Cold War and how it developed into one of the largest unarmed struggles in history have been subject to much debate and consequently a number of schools of thought have developed as to the origins of the Cold War. These proposed explanations to the causes of the Cold War have consisted of the orthodox, revisionist and post-revisionist theories. Each theory demonstrates a different viewpoint as to how a variety of political, economic and militaristic factors instigated the Cold War TheRead MoreThe Cold War And The Soviet Union1462 Words   |  6 PagesWhen the term â€Å"Cold War† was popularised to refer to post-war tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union, interpreting the course and origins of the conflict became a source of heated controversy among historians. In particular, who was responsible for the breakdown of Soviet-U.S. relations after the Second World War? During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union were allied against the Axis powers. However, in the years that followed the end of World War II, the allianceRead MoreTo What Extent Did Public Opinion Shape International Politics in the First Half of the Twentieth Century’?1632 Words   |  7 Pages Student Number: Submission: Word count: 1,617 words approximately The first half of the twentieth century was indeed a time in history in which things such as two of the most deadly wars, the Russian Revolution, the Great Depression, the foundation of the UN and the start of the Cold War took place. But, were these events at any point influenced by the views expressed by citizens?. This essay is going to discuss public opinion during the first half of the twentieth century. To doRead MoreTo What Extent was the Cold war Caused by Ideological Differences?1709 Words   |  7 PagesThe Cold War, a period of sustained political and military tension between the USA and the USSR, resulted in various viewpoints concerning the cause of the tension emerging. Until today the question remains unresolved, even after the 1991 release of Soviet archives. The main point of disagreement relates to the roles that ideology played in the events between 1945 and 1949. Was it the strongly opposing ideologies, capitalism and communism, or power and material interest that drove both superpowersRead MoreExploring the Causes of World War One Essay896 Words   |  4 PagesExploring the Causes of World War One The long-term origins to World War One start back in 1870 with the Franco-Prussian War. In the Franco-Prussian war France lost to Germany which lead to the two countries never being in an alliance with one another. Once the war was over it lead to the forming of the triple Alliance which was one of the main alliances during the first world war. The Triple alliance was made up of the countries - Germany, Austo-Hungery and Italy, andRead MoreDBQ 191065 Words   |  5 Pages In 1939 the world was plunged into World War II because of the Munich Agreement. The Munich Agreement was an agreement regarding the Sudetenland Crisis between the major powers of Europe after a conference held in Munich in Germany in 1938. The Sudetenland was an important region of Czechoslovakia. The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty created as a result of six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, which put an official end to World War I between the AlliesRead MoreWho Was to Blame for the Cold War? Essay1625 Words   |  7 PagesCold War? The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no ones fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during the Second World War. Yet many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can beRead MoreThe Origins Of The Great War999 Words   |  4 Pagesthis day are still debating the origins of the Great War, with WWI historiography going through many changes. Viewed as a fundamental turning point in global history, collapsing four empires in the process, it is not surprising to find that it is a fascination to both young and old still. Arno J. Mayer argues the case that domestic issues sweeping across Europe affected its foreign policies and stances, cumulating in the First World War. In Britain Irish civil war was brewing due to the support Carson

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Chanel - 1024 Words

Coco Chanel Fashion designer. Born on August 19, 1883, in Saumur, France. With her trademark suits and little black dresses, Coco Chanel created timeless designs that are still popular today. She herself became a much revered style icon known for her simple yet sophisticated outfits paired with great accessories, such as several strands of pearls. As Chanel once said,â€Å"luxury must be comfortable, otherwise it is not luxury.† Her early years, however, were anything but glamorous. After her mother’s death, Chanel was put in an orphanage by her father who worked as a peddler. She was raised by nuns who taught her how to sew—a skill that would lead to her life’s work. Her nickname came from another occupation entirely. During her brief†¦show more content†¦While not officially charged, Chanel suffered in the court of public opinion. Some still viewed her relationship with a Nazi officer as a betrayal of her country. Chanel left Paris, spending some years in Switzerland in a sort of exile. She also lived at her country house in Roquebrune for a time. At the age of 70, Chanel made a triumphant return to the fashion world. She first received scathing reviews from critics, but her feminine and easy-fitting designs soon won over shoppers around the world. In 1969, Chanel’s fascinating life story became the basis for the Broadway musical Coco starring Katharine Hepburn as the legendary designer. Alan Jay Lerner wrote the book and lyrics for the show’s song while Andre Prà ©vin composed the music. Cecil Beaton handled the set and costume design for the production. The show received seven Tony Award nominations, and Beaton won for Best Costume Design and Renà © Auberjonois for Best Featured Actor. Coco Chanel died on January 10, 1971, at her apartment in the Hotel Ritz. She never married, having once said â€Å"I never wanted to weigh more heavily on a man than a bird.† Hundreds crowded together at the Church of the Madeleine to bid farewell to the fashion icon. In tribute, many of the mourners wore Chanel suits. A little more than a decade after her death, designer Karl Lagerfeld took the reins at her company to continue the Chanel legacy. Today her namesake company continues to thrive and is believed toShow MoreRelated Chanel Essay582 Words   |  3 Pages CHANELnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel was born in Saumur, France in 1884. Vogue Magazine referred to her as â€Å"the couturier who takes no account of fashion, who pursues her own faultlessly elegant line in the quiet confidence that fashion will come back to her - and sure enough it always does.† nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Chanel began designing heavily during the 1920s. Her first outfits were wool jerseys, and were very simple. She became famous for the simple look of herRead MoreChanel1242 Words   |  5 Pagesrecognition: 1909 through 1920s In 1909, Gabrielle Chanel opened a shop on the ground floor of Étienne Balsans apartment in Paris—the beginnings of what would later become one of the greatest fashion empires in the world.[1] The Balsan home was a meeting place of the hunting elite of France and the gentlemen brought their fashionable mistresses along, giving Coco the opportunity to sell the women decorated hats. During this time, Coco Chanel struck up a relationship with Arthur Boy Capel, a memberRead MoreMarketing -Chanel1407 Words   |  6 PagesCHANEL PERFUME INTRODUCTION The success of Chanel Perfume traces its roots back to 1870, when Ernest Wertheimer moved from Alsace, France to Paris during the Franco Prussian War. Shortly, after his arrival he purchased an interest in a French theatrical makeup company called Bourjois. Bourjois successfully introduced dry rough to the European market in the 1890’s. The company grew rapidly, and by the early 1920’s Bourjois had begun making and distributing skin creams from his Rochester, NewRead MoreCoco Chanel1043 Words   |  5 PagesGabrielle Chanel was born in the French town of Saumur on the 19th of August 1883. She was one of 5 children and when her mother died; her father couldn’t manage on his own so the girls went to an orphanage and the boys to work on a farm. Gabrielle stayed at the orphanage and visited grandparents on holidays until 1900 when she moved in with them. She went to a local convent school with her aunt Adrienne who was almost the same age as Gabrielle, she remain ed a valued friend. Gabrielle and AdrienneRead MoreThe Fame of Coco Chanel629 Words   |  2 Pagesmany women to not eat nor breathe. That’s when Coco Chanel change everything for women, that made her career in the fashion industry go through the roof. Before Coco became an icon in the fashion industry, she was put in an orphanage ever since her dad had left her sister and her. Coco was then raised by nuns, which is where she was taught to sew, a skill will help her to fame. Though her name wasn’t always Coco, her birth name was Gabrielle Chanel. Her nickname came from her first job as a singerRead MoreChanel Pestel Swot4904 Words   |  20 Pages    TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Executive Summary 2.0 Company Background and History 2.1 History of Chanel and Information on Chanel S.A. 2.2 Chanel Asia Pacific and Singapore boutiques 3.0 Industry Analysis 3.1 Target Audience 3.2 Market Positioning 3.3 Market Sector 3.4 Competitor Analysis 4.0 Company Analysis 4.1 SWOT: Micro economical analysis 4.2 PEST: Macro economical analysis 4.3 Comparison of Chanel in Europe vs. Singapore 4.4 Product Development and Collection 4.5 Types and Range of MerchandiseRead MoreChanel : A Fashion House Essay1441 Words   |  6 Pagesthe best-selling fragrance in the world and worth an estimate of $1.5 billion, Chanel is a fashion house that begun in Paris, France by the infamous CoCo Chanel. Chanel is a brand that rose to its success with the launch of the perfume Chanel No. 5. Since the success of the fragrance, Chanel has begun to capitalize on offerings which include luxury goods, ready-to-wear clothing, handbags, perfumery, and cosmetics. Chanel is now a global fashion house that operates in The United States, United KingdomRead MoreCoco Chanel1452 Words   |  6 Pagesinterested in Coco Chanel? and if Im honest, I was fascinated long before I started researching her biography more than a decade ago, all the way back to my earliest memories in childhood. For there on top of my mothers dressing table stood a bottle of Chanel No. 5, beyond my reach but not out of sight, and I knew from the moment I began to discern its mysterious letters and number that there was something magical to the black-and-white cipher. Im not alone in that discovery -- Chanel has come to representRead MoreSWOT Analysis of Chanel582 Words   |  2 PagesAnalysis Strength Strength means the efficiency and assets of a company to help them to meets their target and make profit. One of the strength of Chanel is they have strong strategies such as â€Å"Chanel did a two-step into Dallas for a fabulous Texan romp for their Metiers d’Art 2013/2014 presentation.† (Dzireena Mahadzir 2014). Other than that, Chanel also have good customer relationship. This is because they implement Customer Relationship Management(CRM) Communication in their company. By usingRead MoreChanel Analysis Swot, 6 Ps5076 Words   |  21 Pagesthe first words which come to mind, when thinking of Chanel. We as a group decided to choose Chanel as our subject, because of several reasons and questions that came to our mind. We strive to find out what the image of this brand is like today (classical, dusty or modern), and what Chanel has been doing to constantly promote the image of the label? It is commonly known that Chanel, impersonated by its famous female founder and designer Coco Chanel, has over time evolved into being a huge fashion empire

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Charles Law Example Problem

Charles law is a special case of the ideal gas law in which the pressure of a gas is constant. Charles law states that volume is proportional to the absolute temperature of a gas at constant pressure. Doubling the temperature of gas doubles its volume, so long as the pressure and quantity of the gas are unchanged.   Charles Law Example Problem This example problem shows how to use Charles law to solve a gas law problem: A 600 mL sample of nitrogen is heated from 27  °C to 77  °C at constant pressure. What is the final volume? Solution: The first step to solving gas law problems should be converting all temperatures to absolute temperatures. In other words, if the temperature is given in Celsius or Fahrenheit, convert it to Kelvin. (This is where the most commonplace mistakes are made in this type of homework problem.) T K 273  °CTi initial temperature 27  °CTi K 273 27Ti K 300 KTf final temperature 77  °CTf K 273 77Tf K 350 K The next step is to use Charles law to find the final volume. Charles law is expressed as: Vi/Ti Vf/TfwhereVi and Ti is the initial volume and temperatureVf and Tf is the final volume and temperatureSolve the equation for Vf:Vf ViTf/TiEnter the known values and solve for Vf.Vf (600 mL)(350 K)/(300 K)Vf 700 mLAnswer:The final volume after heating will be 700 mL. More Examples of Charles Law If you think Charles Law seems irrelevant to real-life situations, think again! By understanding the basics of the law, youll know what to expect in a variety of real-world situations and once you know how to solve a problem using Charles Law, you can make predictions and even start to plan new inventions. Here are several examples of situations in which Charles Law is at play: If you take a basketball outside on a cold day, the ball shrinks a bit as the temperature is decreased. This is also the case with any inflated object and explains why its a good idea to check your cars tire pressure when the temperature drops.If you over-inflate a pool float on a hot day, it can swell in the sun and burst.Pop-up turkey thermometers work based on Charles law. As the turkey cooks, the gas inside the thermometer expands until it can pop the plunger. Examples of Other Gas Laws Charles law is only one of the special cases of the ideal gas law that you may encounter. Each of the laws is named for the person who formulated it. Its good to know how to tell the gas laws apart and be able to cite examples of each one. Amontons Law: Doubling temperature doubles pressure at constant volume and mass. Example: As automobile tires heat up when you drive, their pressure increases.Boyles Law: Doubling pressure halves volume, at constant temperature and mass. Example: When you blow bubbles underwater, they expand as they rise to the surface.Avogadros Law: Doubling the mass or number of moles of a gas doubles the volume at constant temperature and pressure. Example: Inhaling fills the lungs with air, expanding their volume.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Supply Chain Management Essay - 528 Words

Supply chain holds a special place in B2B e-business. With the growth of internet and businesses operating electronically, the product life cycle has reduced to a large extent. This has increased the competition among the organizations to better manage their supply chain to satisfy the customers need in a competitive market. With the growth of information technology, the trends in determining the demand and supply are changing drastically. The organizations are developing and implementing better systems, which can forecast the demand and supply in a flexible way to the changing needs. The changing business market has forced the organizations to employ highly skilled people on a better infrastructure and to develop supply chain mechanisms,†¦show more content†¦In B2B e-business, supply chain management plays an important role. The customer in B2B e-business is not aware of the processes being followed by the organization to make a delivery of the product of his/her choice. Th ere is no direct interaction between the organization representatives with the customer. Hence, it is important for the organization to implement a supply chain mechanism which is competitive in the market and gives best results to compete with other organizations. The product life cycle is also an important part of the supply chain management, which makes sure that the product being produced comply with the given standards and customer is happy to receive it. The cost factor of the delivered product is largely dependent on the supply chain management and product life cycle. If the product life cycle and supply chain are managed properly, the cost of the product is deemed to be low and thus making the customer happy. In B2B e-business it plays a very important role, as the customer is not directly interacting with the organization. 3. Importance of Supply Chain in B2B e-business Today’s business has become more competitive and requires cost effective solution to give a better quality product to the customer. The productivity advantage of supply chain management gives a winning edge to the suppliers. More production has been possible in recent times dues to better management ofShow MoreRelatedThe Supply Chain Management Of Supply Chains1372 Words   |  6 Pagesthe world. Supply chains are now very complex and flourishing in the global marketplace, but only constructed and managed correctly. My discipline is supply chain management. There are many different functions of the supply chain that make it what it is. Breaking this discipline down to specific job task is difficult because each process in a supply chain, no matter how complex is connected with at least one other process in the supply chain. There is no clear definition of a supply chain. A supplyRead MoreSupply Chain Management : Supply Chains1476 Words   |  6 Pages1.3 Supply Chain Supply chains encompass the companies and the business activities needed to design, make, deliver, and use a product or service. Businesses depend on their supply chains to provide them with what they need to survive and thrive. Every business fits into one or more supply chains and has a role to play in each of them. The pace of change and the uncertainty about how markets will evolve has made it increasingly important for companies to be aware of the supply chains they participateRead MoreSupply Chain Management Of Supply Chains1188 Words   |  5 Pagesthe supply chain, not just a simple competition between enterprises. In order to win the competition in the supply chain, which means it must be through the management of the supply chain. Currently supply chains become more integrated, more global, the high-speed development of information technology has become an important driving force. In this report will explore the development of supply chain management technologies and impor tant role. Supply chain and technologies role Supply chain is theRead MoreSupply Chain Management : Supply Chains Essay831 Words   |  4 Pagesto answer the question of what is supply chain management we must know what a supply chain is. According to (Mentzer et al., 2001, p. 1) â€Å"Supply chain is defined as the network of organisations which are involved in different processes that produce value either in the form of products or services delivered to consumers†. A supply chain is made up of suppliers, manufactures and distributors, a good way of looking at this is the supply chain pipeline. A supply chain is seen as an enabler, this is whyRead MoreSupply Of Supply Chain Management830 Words   |  4 PagesSupply Chain Management Goal of a supply chain. According to Defining the Supply Chain, there are 5 specific goals of supply chain management. They are as follows: 1. Achieve Efficient Fulfillment – â€Å"the purpose of supply chain management is to make inventory readily available in customer facing positions to fulfill demand. The fresh produce business adage â€Å"you can’t sell from an empty wagon† highlights this fundamental purpose of supply chain management†. (Defining the Supply Chain) OrganizationsRead MoreSupply Chain Management986 Words   |  4 Pagesthat are not faced by Dell? How should Ford deal with these challenges? 3. If you are Teri Takai, what would you recommend to senior executives? Tow what degree should Ford emulate Dell’s business model? Herman Miller: Innovation by Design? (Supply Chain Strategy) 1. What are the main elements of Herman Miller’s history, design philospophy, and corporate values? How have they influenced the company’s success? 2. What led Miller SQA to develop a new business model to serve its market? What isRead MoreSupply Chain Management12177 Words   |  49 PagesSUPPLY CHAIN UPPLY HAIN MANAGEMENT ANAGEMENT Report produced for the EC funded project INNOREGIO: dissemination of innovation and knowledge management techniques Sotiris Zigiaris, MSc, BPR engineer by BPR HELLAS SA J A N U A R Y 2 0 0 0 SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT 1 Contents 1 1.1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.1.4 1.2 Description What is the Supply Chain Management (SCM) What is the importance of Supply Chain Management Supply Chain Management Today Supply Chain Management TomorrowRead MoreSupply Chain Management1730 Words   |  7 PagesSTARBUCKS IT SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT This is a case that illustrates several facets at once: Globalization Rapid Expansion, Supply Chain Management, ERP Implementation, and IT Infrastructure. This case takes place in 1997. Introduction You have to admire the enthusiasm of Starbucks employees. Store managers have been known to stuff sacks of coffee beans into their cars and race over to help out other stores running low. Exceptional customer service, but certainly no way to run a businessRead MoreSupply Chain Management Value Of Supply Chains1122 Words   |  5 PagesHeading: Supply Chain Management-Value of Supply Chain Introduction: Supply chain management is a complex undertaking that must involve more than one organization’s efforts to succeed. A tremendous amount of skill, time, and money must be present to build and develop relationships, discover and implement a strategy, and use the capabilities of the chain to build quality at an efficient financial rate. Allowing for these requirements, it leaves one to wonder whether supply chain management is a viableRead MoreSupply Of Supply Chain Management Essay2046 Words   |  9 PagesSupply Chain Management involves the process of managing, monitoring, controlling and constantly coordinating supply related activities among manufacturers, suppliers, wholesalers, retailer and the consumers. All this is done while integrating supply management with demand management, not only within but also across companies. Since all the processes involved in managing supply chain activities require a robust system in place, every company turns to technology for efficient and effective synchronization

Managerial Accounting Quizes and Midterm Essay example

| Question : | (TCO 2) Bubba’s Crawfish Processing Company uses a traditional overhead allocation based on direct labor hours. For the current year overhead is estimated at $2,250,000 and direct labor hours are budgeted at 415,000 hours. Actual overhead was $2,200,000 and actual direct labor hours worked were 422,000. (a) Calculate the predetermined overhead rate. (b) Calculate the overhead applied. (c) Determine the amount of overhead that is over/underapplied. | | | Student Answer: | | a) Calculate the predetermined overhead rate. 2250000/415000 = 5.4217 per hour (b) Calculate the overhead applied. 422000 x 5.4217 = 2287952 (c) Determine the amount of overhead that is over/under applied. 2287952-2200000 = 87952 over†¦show more content†¦Beginning balance in Finished Goods $ 17,000 Ending balance in Finished Goods 15,200 Beginning balance in Work in Process 2,500 Ending balance in Work in Process 1,836 Selling expenses 123,000 General and administrative expenses 89,000 Direct material cost 54,500 Direct labor cost 66,000 Manufacturing overhead 21,400 Sales 385,000 Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured. | | | Student Answer: | | Snappy’s Surgical shears Company Cost of Goods Manufactured Schedule For the Month Ending in January 31, 20XX Direct Material $54,500 Direct Labour $66,000 Manufacturing Overhead $21,400 Total manufacturing cost $141,900 Add : Work in process inventory (Beginning) $2,500 Less : Work in process inventory (Ending) -$1,836 Cost of goods manufactured for the month $142,564 | | Instructor Explanation: | Sappy’s Surgical Shears Schedule

Document Question The Russian Revolution And The free essay sample

Document Question: The Russian Revolution And The New Soviet State 1917-1929 Essay, Research Paper 1 ) a ) Document A refers to the grain ictuss of 1918. ? The term? radical enthusiasm and subject? refers to the manner in which Lenin and his Bolsheviks wish the actions to be carried out. ? He expects his fellow companions to be enthusiastic about working for the good of the province and to be disciplined and focussed on their task. ? However, this order was given shortly after the revolution and hence, the Bolsheviks are naming a political commissar ( a Bolshevik ) to guarantee that his chap? companions? who are non yet used to the communist manner, execute their actions in the right mode. ? The order therefore expects the requisitioning squad non to transport out their actions with? radical enthusiasm and subject? and therefore the assignment of a political commissar. B ) Document C refers to the jobs of War Communism. ? The infusion? Trotsky was the first prominent Bolshevik to accept publically the demand to abandon requisition? refers to manner in which Trotsky in February 1920 was willing to travel against the party and Lenin? s policies in order to accomplish the best for Russia. Trotsky realised before many other Bolsheviks that the policy of War Communism was neglecting although he was non the first to make so. ? His prominence within the party and his function in the civil war gave his word weight when he spoke up against the policy. ? It was a realization on his portion that the state needed Reconstruction and War Communism was non the best manner to supply this. ? Trotsky, ever the radical, wanted alteration in order to accomplish improvement.c ) Document D refers to the replacing of War Communism with the New Economic Policy. ? The phrase? in order to beef up the peasant economic system? refers to one of the key purposes of the policy. ? The thought of the new revenue enhancement in sort was that the authorities received income in order to better the state, nevertheless, the Bolsheviks had realised that the provincials were motivated to work merely when working improved their existence. ? For this ground, they were allowed to work every bit small or every bit much as they wanted provided revenue enhancements were paid to the government. ? This debut of capitalist economy into a communist society was designed in such a manner as to convey about betterment in the provincial economy. ? The thought was that the more money the person provincial made, the more economically comfortable the peasant category as a whole would go taking to an betterment in the Russian economic state of affairs as a whole and hence, organizing a critical portion of the station 1920 reconstruction.2 ) ? War Communism was clearly an unpopular policy in contrast to the relatively successful New Economic Policy. Documents A and B trade with the panic and force used by the requisitioning squads in obtaining grain from the alleged greedy Kulak category which was supposed to be keeping back grain from the people. ? Similarly, Document C attempts to explicate in depth the features of War Communism. ? This beginning is peculiarly valuable to us in measuring the jobs with War Communism in comparing with? Lenin? s New Economic Policy ( NEP ) . ? It is clear from the first three beginnings that the Bolshevik? s, fresh to authorities as the rubric of these paperss tells us they were, began by implementing really idealistic Communist ideals. ? Document C shows us that non merely did the new Bolshevik authorities effort to censor all private endeavor and nationalize all industry but they besides attempted to take money from the new communist system altogether. ? However, Lenin? s claim that such steps were necessary for the civil war in Document E is non wholly undue as much of the province industry was wholly geared towards contending a successful war. ? Furthermore, the panic under War Communism was necessary whilst contending the war in order to stamp down all possible rebellions against the Bolsheviks from within Bolshevik controlled district whilst the war was being fought. ? On the other manus, by February 1920, as Document C tells us, a new and contrasting policy was being thought up. ? The policy of War Communism, partly necessary for the war and partly due to the idealistic and partly na # 207 ; ve policies of the new Bolshevist authorities, was replaced by the NEP in order to be the? footing on which Reconstruction could be achieved? ? as Document C says. It is clear from Document E that Lenin? s determination to change his policy was due to the fact that War Communism was non a policy that could be pursued during peacetime. We besides learn in Document D that Lenin realises that economic prosperity could non be achieved under the idealistic values of War Communism. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The first three beginnings are concerned chiefly with the mistakes of War Communism although Document C subdivisions briefly into the NEP. ? These show some of the attitudes that came with War Communism. ? The Kulak category, a category of wealthy, greedy provincials was ruthlessly persecuted under War Communism and all signifiers of Capitalism was discouraged, whereas in the concluding two beginnings we see that under NEP capitalist economy was actively encouraged in order to promote economic prosperity. ? Furthermore, the attitude towards larning from other capitalist provinces has changed, it is clear from the foremost three beginnings that War Communism was a policy interrupting off from convention whereas in Document E, Lenin actively encourages larning from others: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? We must non be afraid of larning from businessperson specializers, merchandisers and capitalists. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? However, even in the NEP we see a continuation of some of the War Communism manner policies. ? In Documents C and D, the aggregation of a revenue enhancement in sort suggests that much of the green goods will travel to the State and the State will still play an indispensable function in the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours running of the state but to a lesser extent. 3 ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Document Bacillus as a pictural papers can be considered as art and therefore is, to a limited extent in this instance, open to the reading of the viewer. ? Different persons may see this beginning in a different light. ? It is clear that this beginning is a piece of propaganda used by the Bolshevik authorities to present a negative image of the Kulak category. ? The simpleness of the graphics is designed specifically so that everyone can understand what the Kulaks are making i.e. stashing up grain and acquiring fat and rich. ? This beginning is evidently highly biased towards the communist authorities and against the Kulak category of peasants. ? The beginning as a piece of grounds is limited in its historical value in so far as it is an inaccurate artistic feeling of what the authorities wanted its people to believe. However, it is an interesting piece of historical authorities as it shows that attitude of the Bolshevik authorities under Lenin towards the greedy billboard of the Kulak class. ? It is unknown whether the Kulak category did in fact exist in Russia, and we can non state whether Lenin and the Bolsheviks really saw that Kulaks as the kind of people portrayed in this picture. ? However, we can state that this is how they wanted them to be portrayed and this is the value of Document B as a piece of historical grounds. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Document D is likewise a piece of historical grounds necessitating careful analysis. ? As a edict published by the All-Russian Soviet Executive Committee published in Pravda, the Bolshevik party newspaper it is clearly valuable in so far as it is a directing direct from the government. ? It is clearly a directing explaining and pardoning authorities policy and therefore must be taken as a colored piece of historical propaganda and it must be realised that anything published in Pravda will hold been censored and it will take the authorities line on an issue such as the NEP. ? The decree clearly pigments the NEP in a really positive visible radiation and it is hard to judge its relation virtues from this article. ? However, some facts sing the NEP can be ascertained such as the fact that limited sums of capitalist economy are to be reintroduced. ? Therefore, as a historical beginning it can be utile in so far as it nowadayss some of the facts sing the debut of NEP into the new Bolshevik government. ? However, it must be weighed up carefully as it places the NEP in a really positive visible radiation and will surely refer to none of the possible jobs or harmful side effects that the new policy may bring. ? In this manner once more, Document D is a utile beginning in so far as it is a piece of colored writing. ? 4 ) The policy of War Communism was introduced by Lenin one time power was seized in 1917. ? The policy was captive upon the debut of an idealistic Communist manner authorities into Russia at the same clip as contending a war. ? The ground forces drained the resources and were it non for the effectual repression of the Cheka, the new authorities would about surely have been overthrown. ? The jobs with the new system were twofold. ? First, War Communism was an idealistic policy based upon Marxist teachings. ? When these thoughts were put into practise, Lenin and his Bolsheviks found that they led to the prostration of industry and agribusiness due to a deficit of production as there was no inducement for people to work. ? Ideal thoughts such as the abolishment of currency were unsuccessful in practise. ? It was the passage between being an idealistic, radical resistance party and being a successful authorities that, in portion, caused the jobs with War Communism. ? In short the Bolshevik party had no experience and no thoughts of how to run a state, they turned to their cardinal beliefs in Marxist political orientations merely to happen that in practise these excessively were impractical and failed to take into history human nature. ? However, there naivete can non be blamed wholly for all the jobs of War Communism. ? The famishment of the people owed more to the civil war than to uneffective government. ? The civil war meant that productive countries were lost, many husbandmans and workers were conscripted to contend and so in 1919 two tierces of all the on the job yearss available were lost. ? The towns depopulated as people went hungry and as the ground forces drained the state of supplies, those who were non contending found endurance was tough. ? War Communism was designed partly as a agencies to prolong the Bolsheviks whilst contending the civil war and in this regard it was successful, nevertheless, from its abysmal failure, the Bolsheviks learnt much about communism and its mistakes in practical government. ? It is unsurprising so that Lenin, purpose upon care of power instead than prolonging ideological authorities changed his thoughts to let a limited sum of capitalist economy into his system. Lenin, as shown in Document E, realised that his policy had been an low failure, he acknowledges in this beginning that the war has ruined Russia and for this ground he is willing to let a limited sum of capitalist economy and is willing to larn from other more experient systems in order to retrace Russia under Communist rule. ? The Kronstadt Sailors originating against the Bolsheviks, of whom they had antecedently been passionate protagonists, in 1921 was the concluding straw that forced Lenin to gain the harm War Communism was causing. ? Despite the bloody repression of this and other rebellions, the loss of loyal protagonists forced Lenin to do the realization expressed in Documents D and E. ? It was in fact Trotsky who foremost realised the obvious jobs with War Communism in February 1920 as shown in Document C. ? It was a presentation of Trotsky? s powers of persuasion that within a twelvemonth the New Economic Policy had been introduced. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The NEP was introduced because of the failure of War Communism. ? It was a realization on Lenin? s portion that it would take clip for a Communist system to be introduced and the people must first acquire used to socialism before communism could be brought about. ? Lenin here continued the procedure of forging Marxist theory into his ain system of practical authorities. ? Lenin was far more concerned about the care of power than the rigorous application of Marxist doctrine. ? In his measure allowance of limited capitalist economy he showed is willingness to adapt in order to accomplish betterment. ? As Document C says: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? By the beginning of 1920 the clip had come to see the footing on which Reconstruction could be achieved. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? It was for the good of the state and for the care of power that Lenin abandoned War Communism and replaced it with the NEP. ? Lenin was willing to abandon his communist political orientations to let the state a limited sum of take a breathing infinite and to do economic recovery possible.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Engineering Graduate Project Progress Report

Question: Discuss about the Engineering Graduate Project for Progress Report. Answer: The entire study on the electromagnetically driven heat pump or else coolers can be divided into five different segments. The second segment includes the study on the literature review concerning the subject and the third section comprises of the determination of the aims and objectives for driving the project. However, the fourth section includes comprehension of the adopted technology for the successful completion of the project. The section five deals with the institution of the suitable system that needs to be implemented for the purpose of experimentation as well as generation of the requisite data. The final segment of the study includes discussion of the outcomes of the study that is acquired after successful completion of the experimentation conducted in the laboratory. The activities that is undertaken so far for the partial completion of the project includes the detailed study of the academic literature as regards the modern acoustic pumps, ascertainment of the aims as well as objectives that directs as well as drives the entire study (Kiss et al. 2012). In addition to this, the activities completed so far in the present research also includes establishment of the appropriate methodology for the successful completion of the project. Furthermore, the partial achievement also includes the institution of the system as well as the entire set up for the laboratory for carrying out the experimentation of the study. Time Frame Activity In Proper Sequence Description Duration (Days) 1. Member selection 7 days 2. Site inspection 14 days 3. Equipment choice 12 days 4. Planning period for carrying out the experiment 10 days 5. Integration of the requisite equipment 20 days 6. Building of the Heat Exchanger 23 days 7. Undertaking the Experiment 7 days The present project has been carried out till the execution of the experimentation. However, the process of interpretation as well as discussion of the results is still left. The schedule that represents the time required for carrying out the required activities is presented in the table above. However, there are changes in the actual time schedule and there is diversion from the initially proposed research proposal. The selection of the members has originally taken less time than what was anticipated that is 7 days instead or 9 days. However, the site survey also takes more time in reality than what was planned before. Likewise, the duration of other activities also differed from proposed time schedule. Objectives as well as scope: Changes The initial aims as well as objectives set for the present study was to acquire deep learning regarding the thermo-acoustic heat pumps and present the overall result as well as evidence in order to establish the feasibility of the entire notion as well as technology. Therefore, the initial aim of the present study was to scrutinize the entire design and at the same time requirements of the thermo-acoustic pump. The study has been conducted so far are in line with the initially proposed aims as well as objectives for the project. However, the present project also includes the conduction of the project with a need for the inclusion of different section devoted to the measurement of the performance of the system with respect to different parameters. Therefore, this has led to the objective of the performance enumeration. The objective of the project also includes measurement of the performance as regards the temperature of the cold heat exchanger expressed as a function of the time. In addition to this, the objective of performance measurement also includes enumeration of the temperature of the particular cold heat exchanger as specific function of heat and measurement of the COP and COPR as a function of the entire heat load for three different drive-ratio (Matveev 2015). Therefore, it can be hereby stated that no alterations of the aims and objectives are necessary for the conduction of the project on the thermo-acoustic pump. Description about the investigation The present study has been partially completed until the completion of the experimentation in the laboratory. The members required for the conduction of the study has been selected within the 7 days of the study. In addition to this, the progress also includes detailed inspection of the site within the 14 days and the selection of the equipment within 12 days. Furthermore, the progress made also includes the plan and preparation for execution of the experiment. Again, the progress in the investigation also includes the assimilation of different equipment, construction of the heat exchanger and conduction of the experiment (Chen et al. 2013). The result observed until this stage reflects the fact that the COPR has been held as the association between the drive ratio all through low temperature that is maintained 50 degree centigrade from three more values of high temperatures (Kiss et al. 2012). The COPR that is essentially equal to around 120 C. The results of the experiment replicat es the fact that at a temperature of 80 C, the COPR roughly 26% was attained for the particular drive ratio in the lower temperature in addition to the higher temperatures. Again, during the course of experimentation, it was perceived that the wastage of the generated heat essentially originated from the heat exchanger and in addition to this, the conformation can be regarded as the primary reason of loss of heat from the overall system. In addition to this, there are other observations concerning the buffer tube of around 7 . The additional half angle can also be put to use for the purpose of the reduction of the overall acoustic losses at diverse cross-section of the entire system that can be useful in raising the overall efficacy of the system. Methodology The methodology for the present study expounds the use of the sound as well as the acoustic power in the thermpo-acoustic heat pump for the purpose of the transfer of the heat from the low level temperature to the higher level of the temperature. Again, the particular acoustic waves with low temperature get augmented for the purpose of generation of the requisite results. The present concept can be applied for both the heating as well as cooling. The methodology for the purpose of the review of the entire system involves the examination of the overall technology and the workings procedure of the equipments. Thereafter, the study of the methodology also involves the study of the amalgamation of the thermo-acoustic technology operated by the electric motor along with the workings of the distillation column of the particular plant (Yang et al. 2014). In addition to this, the methodology also involves the stirling cycle and the detailed illustration of the thermo-acoustic pump, its syste m, examination of the heat exchanger (Buis et al. 2014). In addition to this, the methodology also includes the process of examination of different parts of the thermo-acoustic pump that includes the motor, regenerator, heat exchanger, feedback inheritance and the compliance with the system (Bade et al. 2013). Up-to-date Literature Review The activity completed in the study in the literature review includes the study of the academic literature on the system of the thermo-acoustic pump that illustrates the entire system of the working of the pump and the process of implementation of the application of the same. The activities completed in this phase of the study of the body of the empirical evidences as well as body of academic literature also includes the study of the phenomena of the thermo-acoustic pump, thermo-acoustic concepts for the enhancement of the system of the refrigeration systems, system of air conditioning process presented by the Howard University of Adelaide. The up-to-date review of the body of academic literature that has been carried out so far includes examination of different nature as well as characteristics and at the same time the design of the cooler, study of the detailed description of the cooler. The study of the literature completed so far includes the schematic illustration of the thermo-acoustic stirling cooler, study on the linear motor, acoustic network, regenerator as well as heat exchangers (Zalluhoglu and Olgac 2015). In addition to this, the review of the body of the academic literature that has been conducted so far includes the study of the instrumentation, powers and study performance indicators. This section on the literature review includes the performance measurements system with respect to different parameters such as enumeration of the temperature of the cold heat exchanger with respect to time and function of the heat cold. Interaction with the supervisor and the group so far The interaction with the supervisor as well as the group so far refers to different things that need to be discussed with the supervisor of the research. The interactions with the supervisors for the discussion of the project can be divided into different stages. The first stage of the interaction dealt with the selection of the main article for the research. Thereafter, the second stage of the interface with the supervisor of the research projects regarding the selection of the route for the current study that in turn helped in determination of the modus operandi for the successful completion of the project (Alemany et al. 2015). Consequently, the third stage of the interaction dealt with the establishment of the research questions or else the hypotheses for the research project and the determination of the key objectives of the project. In addition to this, the interaction with the supervisor of the project also includes discussion regarding the assessment point and thereafter gene ration of the theoretical case (Alemany et al. 2015). Thereafter, the discussion regarding the research also includes setting the appropriate stratagem for conduction of the research and for arriving at the desired results. Furthermore, the discussion with the supervisor also included determination of the assessment point and method for collection as well as analysis of the data and finally the evaluation of the process of the write up. The table below can succinctly present the interaction with the supervisor regarding what and how the interaction can facilitate the entire process of conduction of the study: Meeting stages Discussion Topic Subject Matter Duration Initial Establishment of the main article for conduction of the research Selection of the route for the conduction of the experiment Selection of the research questions or else the research hypotheses The feasibility of the study on the electromagnetically driven heat pump or else the cooler Establishment of the five different phases of the study Primary objectives of the study that includes the study on thermo-acoustic heat pumps and interpretation of the outcomes and evidence in order to ascertain the viability of the entire notion (Liu and Yang 2014) Meeting 1: Assessment phase Ways of development of different theoretical model for the research. In addition to this, the measurement procedures as well as performance also include the instrumentation, power as well as performance indicators (COP, COPC and COPR) (Wu et al. 2012). The discussion on the assessment phase also includes the determination of the research strategy. This discussion also included the study of the nature and design of the cooler, linear motors, resonators, acoustic network and regenerator as well as heat exchangers (DalkÄ ±ran et al. 2016). The majority of the discussion in the meeting included the discussion of the research strategy. This helps in determination of the research design, discussion of the method of research establishment of the sampling strategy. The discussion also involved gaining advice on the research strategy that can adhere to the ethical guidelines of the university Meeting 2 Presentation of the overall procedure for enumeration The supervisor can help the researcher in gaining advice regarding the intricacies of the experiment conducted in the laboratory. This is regarding the illustration of the heat pumps, set up for the experiment and the validity of the procedures of the measurement and performance indicators among many others (DalkÄ ±ran et al. 2016). Meeting 3 Challenges faced and ways to address the identified challenges The challenges that are faced during the process of conduction of the research study include the certain limitations of the thermo-acoustic pumps that include the low power high volume ratio. In addition to this, the thermo-acoustics also have very high density of the functional fluids that are imperative for the purpose of attainment of the high power densities. Furthermore, the challenges of the study also include utilization of the expensive alternators that can give satisfactory performance. The process of the heat exchange particularly in the oscillating media is under wide research. Again, the hot heat exchanger has to shift heat to the stack as well as the cold heat exchanger has to continue the temperature gradient throughout the stack (DalkÄ ±ran et al. 2016). However, the vacant space for the same is controlled with the miniature size and the obstruction it attaches to the entire path of the wave. In addition to this, the process of exchanging the heat in the thermo a coustics is primarily critical for the purpose of maintenance of the power conservation procedure. Modified Project Plan and Timeline The modified plan for the project therefore includes different activities in the project with the attached timeframe. However, even though the objective along with the proposed procedure of the project did not change, the real timeline for the successful, completion of each stage of the stage altered. The altered schedule or else the timeframe for the project can be presented in the table below: Activity In Proper Sequence Description Duration (Days) 8. Member selection 7 days 9. Site inspection 14 days 10. Equipment choice 12 days 11. Planning period for carrying out the experiment 10 days 12. Integration of the requisite equipment 20 days 13. Building of the Heat Exchanger 23 days 14. Undertaking the Experiment 7 days 15. Evaluating the outcomes of experiment 6 days 16. Data Generation and submission 2 days Final Technical Paper The journal paper on study of thermo-acoustic Stirling coolers penned by M.E.H Tijani and S. Spoelstra are also recognized as reputable journals on this subject with HERDSA impact factor. The present journal expounds in detail the investigation of the travelling wave coolers along with the design, development along with the process of measurement (Tijani and Spoelstra 2013). In addition to this, the journal article on Thermo acoustic-Stirling heat pump for domestic application penned by Srinivas Vanapalli, M.E.H Tijani and S. Spoelstra also helps in understanding the importance of the burner driven heat pump. This equipment can meet up the domestic requirements for heat and lead towards the substantial savings of the energy in comparison to the conventional gas burners (Wang et al. 2015). This article too helps in gaining deep insight into different prototype design as well as construction and the environment for test as well as the infrastructure. This two journal articles can be r eferred for the present study that bears high relevance to the present area of research. References Alemany, A., Prez-Barrera, J., Prez-Espinoza, J.E., Ortiz, A. and Ramos, E., 2015. Special issue: Selected papers of the 9th PAMIR International Conference``Thermo Acoustic and Space Technologies'', Riga, Latvia, June 16--20, 2014.Magnetohydrodynamics,51, p.2. Bade, S., Wagner, M., Hirsch, C., Sattelmayer, T. and Schuermans, B., 2013. Design for thermo-acoustic stability: Procedure and database.Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power,135(12), p.121507. Buis, E.J., Doppenberg, E.J.J., Nieuwland, R.A. and Toet, P.M., 2014. Fibre laser hydrophones for cosmic ray particle detection.Journal of Instrumentation,9(03), p.C03051. CHEN, B., ABAKR, Y.A., Goh, J.H. and Riley, P.H., 2013. DEVELOPMENT AND ASSESSMENT OF A SCORE DEMO2. 1 THERMO-ACOUSTIC ENGINE.Journal of Engineering Science and Technology,8(2), pp.253-263. DalkÄ ±ran, A., AÄ ±kkalp, E. and SavaÃ…Å ¸, A.F., 2016. Analysis of a nano-scale thermo-acoustic refrigerator.International Journal of Refrigeration,66, pp.1-9. DalkÄ ±ran, A., AÄ ±kkalp, E. and SavaÃ…Å ¸, A.F., 2016. Analysis of a nano-scale thermo-acoustic refrigerator.International Journal of Refrigeration,66, pp.1-9. Kiss, A.A., Landaeta, S.J.F. and Ferreira, C.A.I., 2012. Mastering heat pumps selection for energy efficient distillation.Chem. Eng. Trans,29(2012), pp.397-402. Kiss, A.A., Landaeta, S.J.F. and Ferreira, C.A.I., 2012. Towards energy efficient distillation technologiesmaking the right choice.Energy,47(1), pp.531-542. Liu, Y.W. and Yang, P., 2014. Influence of inner diameter and position of phase adjuster on the performance of the thermo-acoustic Stirling engine.Applied Thermal Engineering,73(1), pp.1141-1150. Matveev, K.I., 2015. Thermoacoustic Oscillations in Resonators.à Ã¢â‚¬ Ãƒ Ã‚ ¸Ãƒ Ã‚ ½Ãƒ Ã‚ °Ãƒ Ã‚ ¼Ãƒ Ã‚ ¸Ãƒ Ã‚ ºÃƒ Ã‚ ° à Ã‚ ¸ à Ã‚ ²Ãƒ Ã‚ ¸Ãƒ Ã‚ ±Ãƒâ€˜Ã¢â€š ¬Ãƒ Ã‚ ¾Ãƒ Ã‚ °Ãƒ Ã‚ ºÃƒâ€˜Ã†â€™Ãƒâ€˜Ã‚ Ãƒâ€˜Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒ Ã‚ ¸Ãƒ Ã‚ ºÃƒ Ã‚ °,2(1), pp.6-13. Tijani, M.E.H. and Spoelstra, S., 2013. A hot air driven thermoacoustic-Stirling engine.Applied Thermal Engineering,61(2), pp.866-870. Wang, H., Zhou, J., Pan, Y. and Wang, N., 2015. Experimental investigation on the onset of thermo-acoustic instability of supercritical hydrocarbon fuel flowing in a small-scale channel.Acta Astronautica,117, pp.296-304. Wu, F., Li, Q., Guo, F.Z. and SHU, A.Q., 2012. Advance in thermoacoustic theory.Journal of Wuhan Institute of Technology,34(1), pp.1-6. Yang, P., Fang, M. and Liu, Y.W., 2014. Optimization of a Phase Adjuster in a Thermo-acoustic Stirling Engine Using Response Surface Methodology.Energy Procedia,61, pp.1772-1775. Zalluhoglu, U. and Olgac, N., 2015. Thermo-acoustic instability: Theory and experiments.IFAC-PapersOnLine,48(12), pp.75-80.